Secondary Sources: Books and Articles

Author’s note:

Works which I believe would be of particular interest to readers are marked with an asterisk (*).

Secondary sources: books and articles

Acomb, Frances. Mallet Du Pan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1973.

Adams, Henry. The Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1879.

Adams, Henry. History of the United States During the Administration of James Madison. Cambridge University Press digital edition, 2011. Vol. 4. Available on Google Books.

Allan, Carlisle. “George W. Whistler, Military Engineer.” The Military Engineer: Journal of the Society of American Military Engineers (May-June, 1937).

Anonymous. Life of John C. Calhoun, Presenting a Condensed History of Political Events from 1811 to 1843. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1843.

* Ashton, Nigel, and Orr, Clarissa Campbell (eds.). An Enlightenment Statesman in Whig Britain: Lord Shelburne in Context, 1737-1805. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: The Boydell Press, 2011.

Austin, Peter E. Baring Brothers and the Birth of Modern Finance. London: Routledge, 2016.

Beach, Rex. “Spencer Roane and the Richmond Junto.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan. 1942).

* Beaudry, Pierre. “Jean Sylvain Bailly: The French Revolution’s Benjamin Franklin.” Executive Intelligence Review, January 26, 2001.

Beckett, J.C. The Making of Modern Ireland, 1603-1923. London: Faber and Faber, 2011. Available on Google Books.

Black, Jeremy. Fighting for America: The Struggle for Mastery in North America, 1519-1871. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014.

Boucher, Chauncey Samuel. The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1916.

Bowen, Eli. Pictorial Sketch-Book of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Willis P. Hazard, 1854. Available on Google Books.

Brede, Charles Frederic. The German Drama in English on the Philadelphia Stage from 1794 to 1830. PhD thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 1918.

Brown, William H. The History of the First Locomotives in America. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1874.

Bruce, William Cabell. John Randolph of Roanoke. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1922, Vol. 1.

Burns, J.H. “Bentham and the French Revolution.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 16 (1966).

Cajori, Florin. The Teaching and History of Mathematics in the United States. Washington: U.S. Department of Education, 1890.

Cambreleng, Churchill C. An Examination of the New Tariff Proposed by the Hon. Henry Baldwin. New York: Gould and Banks, 1821. Available on Google Books.

* Carter, Edward C. II. The Political Activities of Mathew Carey, Nationalist, 1760-1814. Dissertation. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Available on Google Books.

Cassady, Alta Elizabeth. “Henry St George Tucker, legal educator.” College of William & Mary master’s thesis, 1978.

Chaitkin, Anton. George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography. Washington: Executive Intelligence Review, 1992.

* Chaitkin, Anton. “The Legacy of George Wythe.” Executive Intelligence Review, February 14, 1986, online at

* Chaitkin, Anton. “The Patriot File, Unearthed.” Executive Intelligence Review, November 2, 2007, available on

* Chaitkin, Anton. Treason in America. Washington: Executive Intelligence Review, 1985.

Chaitkin, Anton, and Smith, John C. “How Britain’s Treason Machine Made War Against Mexico,” Executive Intelligence Review, December 5, 1997. Available at

Chandler, Alfred D. Jr. “Patterns of American Railroad Finance, 1830-50.” The Business History Review (September, 1954).

* Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Press, 2004.

Clay, Thomas Hart and Oberholzer, Ellis Paxson. Henry Clay. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Company, 1910.

Cooke, Jacob. Tench Coxe and the Early Republic. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1978.

Cooper, James Fenimore. History of the Navy. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1840, 2d edition, Vol. 1.

* Cullum, George W. Biographical Register of Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, 1802-1840. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1868, Vol. I. Available on Google Books.

Cullum, George Washington. Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, Sketched and Criticised, with Brief Biographies of the American Engineers. New York: James Miller, 1879. Available at Google Books.

Dilts, James D. The Great Road. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Dinwiddy, J.R. Radicalism and Reform in Britain, 1780-1850. London: Hambledon Press, 1992.

Dunnington, G. Waldo, et al. Carl Friedrich Gauss: Titan of Science. Mathematical Association of America, 2004. Available on Google Books.

Eiselen, Malcolm Rogers. The Rise of Pennsylvania Protectionism. New York: Garland Publishing, 1974.

Encyclopedia Britannica. “Home Riggs Popham.” 1911 edition. Available at

Fairman, Charles E. Arts and Artists of the Capitol of the United States of America. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1927.

Forman, Sidney. “The United States Military Philosophical Society, 1802‑1813.” William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 3 (July 1945). Available through JSTOR.

Foster, Augustus John. Jeffersonian America: Notes on the United States of America Collected in the Years 1805-6-7 and 11-12. San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1953.

Gallagher, Paul. “Ireland, Sir William Petty, and British ‘Population Studies.’” The New Federalist, January, 16, 1995.

Geffen, Elizabeth M. “Industrial Development and Social Crisis, 1841-1854.” Philadelphia, a 300-Year History. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1982. Available on Google Books.

Gibbons, Edward J. “The Building of the Schuylkill Navigation System, 1815-1828.” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, Vol. 57, No. 1 (January 1990).

Gish, Dustin A. Thomas Jefferson and the Science of Republican Government: A Political Biography of Notes on the State of Virginia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

* Govan, Thomas Payne. Nicholas Biddle: Nationalist and Public Banker, 1786-1844. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959.

* Grace, Trudie A. and Forlow, Mark. West Point Foundry. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2014.

Guernsey, R.S. New York City and Vicinity During the War of 1812–15. New York: Charles Woodward, 1895.

Guetter, Fred J. and McKinley, Albert E. Statistical Tables Relating to the Economic Growth of the United States. Philadelphia: McKinley Publishing Co., 1924.

Haeger, John Denis. John Jacob Astor: Business and Finance in the Early Republic. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991. Online at

Hague, William. William Wilberforce: The Life of the Great Anti-Slave Trade Campaigner. London: Harper Press, 2007. Available at

* Harrison, Joseph Jr. The Locomotive Engine and Philadelphia’s Share in its Early Improvements. Philadelphia: George Gebbie, 1872. Available on Google Books.

Hart, Charles Henry. “Colonel John Nixon.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 1, No. 2 (1877).

Hatter, Lawrence B.A. Citizens of Convenience: Imperial Origins of American Nationhood on the U.S. Canadian Border. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017.

Heckscher, Eli F. The Continental System: An Economic Interpretation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1922. Available on Google Books.

Henderson, William Otto. Friedrich List, Economist and Visionary. New York: Frank Cass and Company, 1983. Available on Google Books.

* Henry, Joseph. Eulogy on Professor Alexander Dallas Bache. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1872. Available on Google Books.

Holden, Edward S. Biographical Memoir of William H.C. Bartlett. Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1911.

Holloway, Carson and Wilson, Bradford (eds.). The Political Writings of Alexander Hamilton, 1769-1789. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Available on Google Books.

Homberger, Eric. Mrs. Astor’s New York. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

* Horsman, Reginald. “British Indian Policy in the Northwest, 1807-1812.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. 45, No. 1 (June, 1958).

Hosack, David, Memoir of DeWitt Clinton. New York: J. Seymour, 1829.

Jeffrey, Francis. “Review of Memoirs of Dr. Joseph Priestley.” Edinburgh Review, Vol. IX (October 1806-January 1807). Available on Google Books.

Jones, Brian Jay. Washington Irving. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2008. Available on Google Books.

Jones, Christopher F. Routes of Power: Energy and Modern America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Kanarek, Harold. The Mid-Atlantic Engineers: A History of the Baltimore District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1774-1974. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Keating, William H. Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of St. Peter’s River, Lake [Winnipeg], Lake of the Woods, &c. &c., Performed in the Year 1823, by Order of the Hon. J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, Under the Command of Stephen H. Long, Major, U.S. Topographical Engineers. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1824.

Kelly, James. “Scarcity and Poor Relief in Eighteenth Century Ireland: The Subsistence Crisis of 1782-4.” Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 28, No. 109 (May 1992).

* Kennedy, John F. Profiles in Courage. Boston: Harper & Brothers, 1964.

Klamkin, Marian. The Return of Lafayette. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1975.

Knollenberg, Bernhard. Franklin, Jonathan Williams and William Pitt. A Letter of January 21, 1775. Bloomington: Indiana University Library Publications, 1949.

Lee, Arthur M. “Henry C. Carey and the Republican Tariff.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 81, No. 3 (July, 1957). Available at

Letwin, William (ed.), A Documentary History of American Economic Policy Since 1789. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1961.

Levasseur, Auguste. Lafayette in America in 1824 and 1825. Philadelphia, Carey and Lea, 1829, Vol. 1.

Lossing, Bernard J. Pictorial Field-book of the War of 1812. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1868. Available at

* Lowry, Pamela. “West Point and the Tradition of the Army Corps of Engineers.” 21st Century Science & Technology (Spring 2011)pp. 40-41.

* Lowry, H. Graham. How the Nation Was Won: America’s Untold Story, 1630-1754. Washington: Executive Intelligence Review, 1988.

Mallet, Bernard. Mallet du Pan and the French Revolution. London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1902. Available at

Mallet-Prevost, Severo. Historical Notes and Biographical Sketches Regarding the American Branch of the Mallet Family, 1794-1930. New York: [s.n.], 1930.

Mayo, Bernard Mayo. Henry Clay, Spokesman of the New West. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1937; reprinted by Archon Books, 1966.

Methley, Violet M. Camille Desmoulins: A Biography. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1915. Available at

Metzler, C.E. “The Early Railroads of America – Pennsylvania.” Philadelphia & Reading Railway Men (February, 1908).

Michell, John, to Boulton, July 5, 1758, cited in Robert E. Schofield, The Lunar Society of Birmingham: a social history of provincial science and industry in eighteenth-century England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963.

* Morris, Richard B. The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Morris, Stephanie A. (ed.). The Franklin Institute and the Making of Industrial America — Guide to the Microfiche Collection. Bethesda, MD: Congressional Information Service, Inc., 1987.

Morrison, James Ashley. “Before Hegemony: Adam Smith, American Independence, and the Origins of the First Era of Globalization.” International Organization, Vol. 66, No. 3 (Summer 2012).

Myers, Gustavus. History of Tammany Hall. New York: Boni & Liveright, 1917.

Oliphant, Laurence. The Russian Shores of the Black Sea in the Autumn of 1852. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1854. Available on Google Books.

Petty-Fitzmaurice, Edmond George. Life of Shelburne. London: Macmillan and Company, 1912. Vols. 2 and 3.

The Pilot and Philadelphia & Reading Railway Men (Philadelphia), Vol. IX, No. 2 (May 1909). Available on Google Books.

Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. John Jacob Astor, Business Man. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931, Vol. 1.

Preveraud, Thomas. “West Point Inaugurated a Course in Descriptive Geometry in 1817,” in Évelyne Barbin, et al. (eds.), Descriptive Geometry, The Spread of a Polytechnic Art: The Legacy of Gaspard Monge. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2019pp. 340-341.

Rappleye, Charles. Robert Morris: Financier of the American Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2010.

Remini, Robert V. Martin Van Buren and the Making of the Democratic Party. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Renwick, James. Life of DeWitt Clinton. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1840. Available on Google Books.

Richards, Leonard L. Shays’s Rebellion: The American Revolution’s Final Battle. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002. Available on Google Books.

Roberts, Solomon W. Reminiscences of the First Railroad Over the Allegheny Mountain. Philadelphia: Railway World, 1879. Available on Google Books.

Robertson, William Spence. The Life of Miranda. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1929. Online at

Scharf, John Thomas and Westcott, Thompson. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia: L.H. Evert and Co., 1884.

Serfass, Donald R. “Tamaqua Railroad Attracts International Study,” “Tamaqua Railroad Attracts International Study,” Times News (Palmerton, Pennsylvania), June 29, 2019.

“Sequence of Discovery and Invention Resulting in the Electromagnetic Telegraph,” in “Biographical Memoir of Joseph Henry,” Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1878. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1879. Available on Google Books.

Shelburne to Richard Price, September 5, 1779, quoted in O’Connell, Maurice R. Irish Politics and Social Conflict in the Age of the American Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965.

* Soldon, Norbert C. John Wilkinson 1728-1808: English ironmaster and inventor. Lewiston, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1998.

* Spannaus, Nancy Bradeen. Hamilton Versus Wall Street: The Core Principles of the American System of Economics. Bloomington: iUniverse, 2019.

St. James’s Chronicle, May 16-18, 1765. Transcription courtesy of the Trustees of the Wedgwood Museum, Barlaston.

* Steinberg, Jeffrey. “The ‘Palmerston Zoo:’ The Bestial British Intelligence of Shelburne and Bentham.” Schiller Institute 1994 conference.

Stevens, John Austin. Albert Gallatin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1884.

Stover, John F. History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press, 1987.

* Strickland, William. Reports on Canals, Railways, Roads, and Other Subjects, Made to the Pennsylvania Society for the Promotion of Internal Improvements. Philadelphia: Carey and Lea, 1826.

Szatmary, David. Shays Rebellion: The Making of an Agrarian Insurrection. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980.

* Todd, Charles S. “Russia, Her Resources, Religion, Literature, &c.” in Griffin, G. W. Memoir of Col. Charles S. Todd. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1873. Available on Google Books.

Toynbee, Arnold. Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England. London: 1884; reprinted London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1913. Available on Google Books.

Traub, James. John Quincy Adams – Militant Spirit. New York: Basic Books, 2016.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Office of History of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The History of the US Army Corps of Engineers. Alexandria: 1998. Available on Google Books.

U.S. Census Bureau, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957.

* Valenti, Philip. The Anti-Newtonian Roots of the American Revolution. Philadelphia: 2010. Available at University of Pennsylvania’s Van Pelt Library, and Temple University’s Charles Library, Philadelphia.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. The Life of Henry Clay. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1937.

Volunteers Journal, Dec. 29, 1783.

Wei-Siang, Wayne. West Pointers and the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Williams, Samuel M. “Micajah Terrell Williams: A Sketch.” The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Vol. 6, No. 3 (March, 1923).

Wilson, William Hasell. Notes on the Internal Improvements of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Railway World, 1879. Available on Google Books.

Young, Arthur. Arthur Young’s Travels in France During the Years 1787, 1788, 1789. London: George Bell and Sons, 1906.

Zuelke, Mark. For Honour’s Sake: The War of 1812 and the Brokering of an Uneasy Peace. Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2007.

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