Bibliography: Primary Sources

Author’s note:

I have relied heavily on primary sources. This book is the result of my research in two phases, before and after the Internet. Many precious resources are now newly available online, such as Founders Online, U.S. National Archives, at https://founders.archives.gov/.

Works which I believe would be of particular interest to readers are marked with an asterisk (*).

Primary sources

Adams, John Quincy. “First Annual Message to Congress,” December 6, 1825. American Presidency Project, University of California at Santa Barbara. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/

* Adams, John Quincy. Address Delivered at City of Washington, July 4, 1821. Cambridge: Cummings & Hilliard, 1821. Available on Google Books.

Adams, John Quincy. Speech, July 4, 1828. See Seward, Life and Public Services of John Quincy Adams. Available on Google Books.

* Adams, John Quincy. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Portions of his Diary from 1795 to 1848, Adams, Charles Francis (ed.). Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Company, 1874, Vol. 1. Available on Google Books.

Adams, John Quincy. Inaugural Address, March 4, 1825. Yale Law School, Avalon Project. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/

Adams, John Quincy. The Writings of John Quincy Adams. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1917, Vol. VII.

Annals of the Congress of the United States, Eighteenth Congress – First Session. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1856. Available on Google Books.

Bache, Alexander Dallas. “Silliman, Benjamin, Sr.” Speech of Professor Bache to the 1842 Exhibition of American Manufactures at the Franklin Institute. Journal of the Franklin Institute, (July 1842). Available on Google Books.

Bentham, Jeremy. “A Short Review of the Declaration,” in An Answer to the Declaration of the American Congress. Available at https://wisc.pb.unizin.org/ps601/chapter/jeremy-bentham-a-short-review-of-the-declaration/

Bentham, Jeremy. Bowring, John (ed.). Works of Jeremy Bentham. Edinburgh: William Tait, 1842, Vols. 10 and 11.

Bentham, Jeremy. Collected Works. London: UCL Press, 2017, Vol. 4.

Benton, Thomas Hart. Abridgement of the Debates of Congress. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1858, Vol. IV. Available on Google Books.

Biddle, Charles. Autobiography. Philadelphia: E. Claxton and Co., 1883. Available on Google Books.

Biddle, Nicholas. Unpublished letters in the Jonathan Williams manuscripts collection, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington.

Boulton, Matthew, to Watt, February 2, 1775, in Muirhead, James Patrick, The Origin and Progress of the Mechanical Inventions of James Watt. London: John Murray, 1854, Vol. 2.

Brevoort, Henry. Letters of Henry Brevoort to Washington Irving. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1918.

Broadside report. Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, online at www.masshist.org/

Brougham, Henry. Speeches of Henry Lord Brougham. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1838, Vol. I. Available on Google Books.

Burr, Aaron, to Alston, November 20, 1815, in Memoirs of Aaron Burr, With Miscellaneous Selections from his Correspondence, Davis, Matthew L. (ed.). New York: Harper and Brothers, 1837, Vol. II.

Burr, Aaron. Davis, Mathew L. (ed.). Private Journal of Aaron Burr During His Residence of Four Years in Europe. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1838. Available at Google Books.

Calhoun, John C. The Works of John C. Calhoun. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1853.

* Carey, Henry C. The Past, The Present, and The Future. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1848. Available at p. 443https://archive.org

Carey, Mathew. “Desultory Reflections (1810),” in Carey, Miscellaneous Pamphlets. Philadelphia: printed for Carey by Fry and Kammerer, 1821. Available on Google Books.

* Carey, Mathew. Essays on Political Economy. Philadelphia: Henry C. Carey and Isaac Lea, 1822; reprinted New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1968.

Carey, Mathew. The Proceedings of a Convention of the Friends of National Industry, November 29-December 1, 1819. New York: C.S. Van Winkle, 1819. Available on Google Books.

Clay, Henry. The Papers of Henry Clay, James F. Hopkins (ed.). Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1959. Available at Archive.org.

Clay, Henry. Life and Public Speeches of Henry Clay. Auburn: Derby & Miller, 1852.

Clay, Henry. The Life and Speeches of Henry Clay, Mallory, Daniel (ed.). Hartford: Silas Andrus and Sons, 1853, Vol. 1. Available on Google Books.

Clay, Henry. The Speeches of Henry Clay, Delivered in the Congress of the United States. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1827. Available on Google Books.

Clinton, DeWitt et al. The Speeches of the Different Governors to the Legislature of the State of New York. Albany: J.B. Van Steenburgh, 1825. Available on Google Books.

Clinton, De Witt [Hibernicus]. Letters on the Natural History and Internal Resources of the State of New York. New York: E. Bliss & E. White, 1822.

Clinton, De Witt. Life and Writings of DeWitt Clinton. New York: Baker & Scribner, 1840.

Committee of Defence of Philadelphia. Minutes of the Committee of Defence of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1867, Vol. 8. Available on Google Books.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, General Assembly. Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg: Jacob Elder, 1815. Available on Google Books.

Coxe, Tench. “An Enquiry into the Principles on which a Commercial System for the United States Should be Founded,” in The American Museum, Vol. I, No. 6 (June, 1787). Available on Google Books.

Darwin, Erasmus, to Boulton, March 11, 1766, in Revolutionary Players. History West Midlands. https://www.revolutionaryplayers.org.uk/

“Duty Act of 1789.” United States Statutes At Large, 1st Congress, Session 1, Chapter 2, 1789, online at https://www.loc.gov/law/help/statutes-at-large/1st-congress/session-1/c1s1ch2.pdf

“Encouragement to Manufactures.” Memorial to U.S. Senate, January 22, 1811. American State Papers: Documents Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1832, Vol. VI.

Franklin Institute. “Address to the Mechanics and Manufacturers of the United States.” Literary Chronicle for the Year 1824 (London).

Franklin, Benjamin. An Address to the Good People of Ireland, On Behalf of America. Brooklyn, New York: Historical Printing Club, 1891). Available at HathiTrust.org

Franklin, Benjamin. Autobiography. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1848. Available on Google Books.

Franklin, Benjamin, to Morris, December 25, 1783, in Letters from France: The Private Diplomatic Correspondence of Benjamin Franklin. New York: Algora Publishing, 2006.

Franklin, Benjamin. “Plan for a Confederation, July 21, 1775.” Available at www.loc.gov/exhibits/creating-the-united-states/road-to-the-constitution.html

Franklin, Benjamin. “Anti-Slavery Petitions to Congress.” Center for Legislative Archives, U.S. National Archives. Online at https://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/franklin

Franklin, Benjamin. The Works of Benjamin Franklin. Boston: Hilliard, Gray, and Co., 1849. Available on Google Books.

Franklin, Benjamin. Letters from France: The Private Diplomatic Correspondence of Benjamin Franklin. New York: Algora Publishing, 2006.

Gallatin, James. The Diary of James Gallatin, Secretary to Albert Gallatin. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1920.

Henry, Patrick. “Arguments Against Ratification of the Constitution at the Virginia Convention (1788),” in America, A Narrative History. W.W. Norton and Company. Online at wwnorton.com/

Jackson, Andrew, to Coleman. America Economist: Devoted to the Protection of American Labor and Industries (magazine, February 24, 1893 issue). Available on Google Books.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Boston: Wells and Lilly, 1829. Available at Archive.org.

Jefferson, Thomas, to Madison, September 6, 1789. Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958, Vol 15. Online at https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/

Kemble, Gouverneur. “The West Point Foundry.” Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, Vol. 15 (1916). Available through https://www.jstor.org

Kennedy, John F. “Moon Speech at Rice Stadium,” September 12, 1962. https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/ricetalk.htm

King George III. “A Proclamation for recalling and prohibiting British seamen from serving foreign Princes and States.” The Waterloo Association, Napoleon Series. Online at https://www.napoleon-series.org/

* Lincoln, Abraham. Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1953. Available on Google Books.

* Logan, James. Of the Duties of Man: As They May Be Deduced from Nature, Valenti, Philip (ed.). Available at the Library of Congress and Philadelphia-area college libraries.

Long, Stephen H. “Report to George Graham, Acting Secretary of War,” March 4, 1817. American State Papers. Documents … of the Congress of the United States, from the … 11th to the … 17th Congress. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1834. Available on Google Books.

Madison, James. Journal of the Constitutional Convention. Chicago: Scott Foresman and Company, 1893.

Marshall, John. Opinion in Gibbons vs. Ogden, March 2, 1824. Available at https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/22/1/

Mirabeau, Count of. Speech to National Assembly, September 26, 1789, quoted in https://www.bartleby.com/

Mitchill, Samuel L. Some of the Memorable Events and Occurrences in the Life of Samuel L. Mitchill. New York?: s.n., 1822.

Monroe, James. “Seventh Annual Message to Congress.” American Presidency Project, University of California at Santa Barbara. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/

Monroe, James. “Special Message,” Feb. 14, 1825. American Presidency Project, University of California at Santa Barbara. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/

Monroe, James. “First Inaugural Address of James Monroe.” Yale Law School, Avalon Project. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/default.asp

Morris, Robert. Diary of Robert Morris. University of Pittsburgh Press online edition.

Morris, Robert. Papers of Robert Morris. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1984, Vol. 6.

Paine, Thomas. The Writings of Thomas Paine (Conway, ed.). New York and London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1906. Vol II. Available on Google Books.

Peters, Richard (ed.). Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America. Boston: Little and Brown, 1846, Vol. IV. Accessible at https://memory.loc.gov/

Priestley, Joseph. The History and Present State of Electricity. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Available on Google Books.

Priestley, Joseph, to Bentham, December 16, 1774, in The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham. London: University College London Press, 2017.

Proceedings of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government: 1786. Yale Law School, the Avalon Project. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/annapoli.asp

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. XI, No. 85 (Philadelphia, 1870). Available on Google Books.

* Shelley, Percy Bysshe. The Mask of Anarchy (poem).

Small, William, to Watt, January 7, 1768, in Smiles, Samuel, Lives of Boulton and Watt. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1865. Available on Google Books.

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Available on Google Books.

Soulavie, Jean-Louis Giraud. Historical and Political Memoirs of the Reign of Lewis XVI. London: G. and J. Robinson, 1802, Vol. 5. Available at Google Books.

Swift, Joseph Gardner. Memoirs of Gen. Joseph Gardner Swift. Worchester, Mass.: F.S. Blanchard & Co., 1890.

Taylor, John (of Caroline). Tyranny Unmasked. Washington: Franklin’s Head, 1822. Available at Google Books.

“Testimonials to H.C. Carey, Esq. Dinner at La Pierre House,” in Carey, Henry C. Works from 1848-1864. Philadelphia: Collins, 1859. Available on Google Books.

U.S. House of Representatives. “Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations,” November 29, 1811. The Congressional Reporter: 12th Congress. Concord, Mass.: I. & W.R. Hill, undated. Available on Google Books.

U.S. House of Representatives. “Report of the House Committee on Roads and Canals,” Feb. 7, 1817, in Niles Weekly Register, Feb. 22, 1817. Baltimore: Hezekiah Niles. Vol. XI (September 1816-March 1817). Available on Google Books.

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Van Buren, Martin. “Autobiography,” published in the Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1918. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1920, Vol. 2.

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